Our Bone Grafting Process combines technological advancements & years of expertise.
Your mouth exerts great pressure on your bone and if it cannot support the implant then the surgery would be a failure. A bone graft can create a solid base for the implant. If your jawbone is not thick enough or is too soft, then you might need a bone grafting to proceed with dental implant surgery. The most common use of bone grafting is the application of dental implants which are carried out to reinstate the endentulous area of the missing tooth. Dental implants need bones underneath for proper integration and support inside the mouth. People who have remained toothless for a long period of time might have necessary bone left in the area. In that case, the bone can be taken from the chin, from pilot holes or even from the iliac crest of the pelvis which has been inserted into the mouth underneath the new implant. When a bone graft is implanted into the jaw it doesn't simply fill in the void in the bone. This helps the growth of a new bone in that place. When that surgery is successful it can restore both height and width of the jaw bone.
There are different types of bone graft and each one is different in the way they promote the formation of bone.
These comprise of :
Autogenous Bone Grafts : Also known as autografts, these are made from the own bones of the patient and harvested from a different part of the body. The typical harvest sites consist of jaw, chin, bone of the lower leg (tibia), hip (iliac crest) or the skull (cranium). This type is considered as 'the gold standard' because the graft material is a live bone that has the living cellular elements which enhances the bone growth.
Allogenic Bone : It is also known as allograft and is genetically derived from the unrelated member of the same species. A dead bone which is harvested from a cavader is processed with the help of freezing method that soaks the water with the help of vacuum. The allogenic bone cannot produce bone on its own because it is neither osteogenic nor osteoinductive, rather it serves as framework so that neighbouring bony walls can grow and fill the void.
Xenogenic Bone : This process is similar to that of allogenic bone and is derived from some other species like cow. The potential for immune rejection and contamination by viral protein is higher in bovine bone than in human cavader bone. It serves as an osetoconductive framework so that the bone from the surrounding area can grow to fill the void. Usually the xenograft material is processed at a very high temperature and the process resembles an allograft. This grafting process is preferred by dental professionals because in this method the second time harvesting procedure is not needed.