Lasers have a vital part of dentistry since 1994 for treating a number of dentals problems. These lasers are different from cold lasers which are used in photography and for the relief of pain, inflammation and headache. Lasers are used by dentists for the treating the following dental conditions like
Tooth decay : The lasers are used to get rid of tooth decay and to prepare the enamel for the new filling. The lasers are used to cure or toughen the filling.
Gum disease : The lasers are used to reshape the gums and get rid of the bacteria during root canal procedures.
Teeth whitening : The lasers are also used to speed up the teeth whitening procedures. In this procedure a peroxide solution is applied on the tooth surface and activated with the help of laser energy. This fastens the whitening procedure.
All kinds of dental work in laser are done by delivering energy in the form of light. As the laser acts like a cutting instrument or a vaporiser of tissue on coming in contact with it, it is used for curing a filling. The laser helps to strengthen the bond between the tooth and the filling. In various kinds of teeth-whitening procedures the laser acts like a heat source and heightens the effect of the bleaching agents.
Here are some pros and cons of using laser in dentistry.
In comparison to traditional dental drill the lasers often cause less pain so minimizes the need for anaesthesia.
Reduces the anxiety in patients that are uncomfortable with the use of dental drill.
Minimizes bleeding and swelling due to soft tissue treatment.
It preserves healthy tooth during cavity removal.
Lasers cannot be used on teeth where the fillings are already in place.
Lasers can't be used in different kinds of dental procedures. This means that lasers cannot be used to fill the cavities located between the teeth, around the old fillings and large cavities which need to be prepared for crown. Added to this, the lasers can't be used remove the defective crowns, silver fillings or prepare teeth for different bridges.
Even when laser is used, the traditional drills might still be used to reshape the filling, adjust the bit and polish the filling.
Lasers do rule out the need for anesthesia
Laser treatment is expensive
Does not require stitches
Minimum bleeding due to suppressing blood loss
High energy beam sterilizes the area which is being worked upon
Less damage to the neighboring tissues
Tissue regeneration and fast wound healing
32 Facts carries out the following procedures which are :
Hard Tissue Laser Procedures
Cavity Detection : This is the early detection of cavities which are indicated due to tooth decay.
Tooth Preparation/ Dental Fillings : They eliminate the need for dental fillings which is possible by getting rid of the bacteria at the cavity area. Usually the dental lasers are not possible for the replacement of amalgam filling, crown or onlays.
Tooth Sensitivity : They seal the tubules on the root of the tooth which are responsible for the sensitivity of the tooth.
Soft Tissue (Gum) Laser Dentistry Procedures
Crown Lengthening: This is done to reshape the gum tissues (soft tissue laser) and bone (hard tissue laser) that expose the healthy tooth structure.
Gummy Smile: They can modify the gum tissue to improve the appearance of the gummy smile.
Muscle Attachment (Frenula): A laser frenectomy is an ideal option for children that are tongue tied and babies that are not able to breast feed due to limited tongue movement. This also helps to eliminate speech impediments.
Soft Tissue Folds (Epulis): They might be used for the pain-free and suture-free removal of soft tissue which is caused due to ill-fitted dentures.