Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery is a wing of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, surgical and related treatment of injuries, diseases affecting the jaws, face and mouth. This department of dentistry mainly handles surgery of wisdom teeth, osseous tissue surgery, anesthesia and bone grafts, TMJ disorder, facial trauma, corrective jaw surgery, oral pathology, dental implants, diseases related to temporomandibular joints, infection of jaw bones and mouth, reconstructive surgery of jaws and facial, and orthognathic surgery. This division of dentistry also deals with the treatment of teeth diseases of maxillary sinus like, diseases of salivary glands and Oroantral fistula.
Wisdom Teeth Removal / Impactions:
Wisdom teeth are the final set of molars that almost every person gets either in early twenties or in late teens. Some people have only four wisdom teeth, while some people may have more or fewer wisdom teeth. These final set of teeth can be very valuable asset for some people, especially when they are properly aligned or healthy. But, misaligned wisdom teeth demands for removal of the teeth. Wisdom teeth are removed generally for two basic reasons, first when the teeth are impacted and second when the teeth start creating problem while chewing or talking.
Apicoectomy or Root End Filling or Root End Resection is an endodontic surgical procedure where the root tip or the adjacent infected tissues of abscessed tooth is removed and root end cavity is created and filled with specific bio-compatible material. This type of endodontic surgical procedure is suggested to patients having infection and inflammation in the area adjacent to root tip after root canal retreatment or root canal therapy is performed.
Jaw fracture is a type of facial injury where the patients have broken mandible or maxilla. Broken jaw or fractured jaw may lead to destruction of normal alignment between lower and upper teeth. Over 90% of mandible or jaw fractures can be treated with proper treatment procedures and it heals completely, restoring the normal alignment of teeth and jaw.
A flap of tissue partially covering the erupted teeth is referred as operculum. The partially erupted tooth may lead to gum diseases, infections to adjacent tissues or inflammation of gums. The surgical procedure for removing of operculum or the flap of tissues over the partially erupted tooth is referred as operculectomy. This surgical procedure is basically conducted for the removal of partially erupted wisdom tooth.
The surgical manipulation of facial skeleton to re-establish functional relationship and proper anatomic in patients with dento-facial skeleton anomalies is medically referred as Orthognathic surgery. This surgical procedure includes double or single jaw bone surgery to restore the jaw alignment. With this surgical procedure, perfect jaw alignment, facial harmony and occlusion can be achieved. The movement of facial soft tissues in tip of nose, lips, cheeks and chin greatly depends on the alignment of the jaws. Thereby, when the jaws are perfectly aligned, then exceptional harmony between facial features can be achieved, resulting in beautiful overall appearance.
In general, transplantation of bone tissues is known as bone grafting. This is a surgical procedure that is conducted to reserve the loss or restoration of bone that occur due to trauma, ill-fitting dentures, disease, tooth loss, or rebuild of bone tissues under the gums or around the dental implants. The bone utilized in the grafting procedure may be taken from the body of the patient, donor or it could be manmade. If the bone is accepted by the body of the patient, the graft offers a firm framework where fresh and living bone can develop again.
Alike other treatment procedures in dentistry, dental implants not only includes understanding, research, and scientific discovery, but also involves application of complex clinical practices. Medically, dental implants are the metal frames or posts that are positioned surgically into the jaw bone of the patients, under their gums so that replacement teeth or bridges can be mounted on it. Normally, all the dental implants used today resemble natural tooth root and can be fixed easily within the jawbone. The dental implants offers firm support to the bridges or artificial teeth.
Temporomandibular Joint Disorder(TMJ) Temporomandibular Joint disorders or TMJ mainly occurs in patients having problems with their jaw joints, adjacent facial muscles that are responsible for moving the jaw and chewing, unbalanced activity and overuse of jaw muscles. This ailment is also medically referred to disorders like Costen's syndrome, and myofascial pain dysfunction. Joints and muscles functions together, thereby problems may encounter which may lead to bite problems, ear pain, headaches, stiffness, locked jaws and clicking sounds.